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Select 'All' to list all the chemical categories. Each character links to a view of all chemical categories whose name begin by it. The asterisk (*) links to a view of all categories whose name start with a special character (e.g. '('). You can search the table for a specific string within that specific view.
NameChemOnt IDDescription
Gal- (Gala series)CHEMONTID:0001089Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the oligosaccharide root structure is made up of two 1-4 linked galactose molecules.
Galanthamine-type amaryllidaceae alkaloidsCHEMONTID:0004128Amaryllidaceae alkaloids with a structure characterized a tetracyclic skeleton with two ortho aromatic protons in ring A.
Galanthindole-type amaryllidaceae alkaloidsCHEMONTID:0004127Amaryllidaceae alkaloids based on a 7-arylindole or 7-aryl-2,3-dihydroindole skeleton.
Galb1-3GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Lacto series)CHEMONTID:0001431Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence of the oligosaccharide moiety is Galb1-3GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc.
Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Neolacto series)CHEMONTID:0001432Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence of the oligosaccharide moiety is Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc. The differ from lacto series because of their 1-4 (instead of 1-3) bond between Galb and GlcNacb.
Gallic acid and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001251Compounds containing a 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid moiety.
Gallic acidsCHEMONTID:0003538Organic compounds that contain a 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid moiety.
Galloyl estersCHEMONTID:0003539Organic compounds that contain an ester derivative of 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid.
GalNAcb1-3Gala1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Isoglobo series)CHEMONTID:0001433Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence of the oligosaccharide moiety is GalNAcb1-3Gala1-3Galb1-4Glcb. The differ from lacto series because of their 1-3 (instead of 1-4) bond between Gala and Glacb.
GalNAcb1-3Gala1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Globo series)CHEMONTID:0001429Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence of the oligosaccharide moiety is GalNAcb1-3Gala1-4Galb1-4Glc.
GalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Ganglio series)CHEMONTID:0003257Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence is GalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc.
GalNAcb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Manb1-4Glc- (Arthro series)CHEMONTID:0001430Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence is GalNAcb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Manb1-4Glc.
Gamma amino acids and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001880Amino acids having a (-NH2) group attached to the gamma carbon atom.
Gamma butyrolactonesCHEMONTID:0001245Compounds containing a gamma butyrolactone moiety, which consists of an aliphatic five-member ring with four carbon atoms, one oxygen atom, and bears a ketone group on the carbon adjacent to the oxygen atom.
Gamma carbolinesCHEMONTID:0001916Polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a gamma-carbazole(5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole) moiety, with a structure characterized by the presence of pyridine fused to the pyrrole ring of an indole.
Gamma lactamsCHEMONTID:0000165Organic compounds containing a gamma-lactam moiety, which consists of a five-member lactam ring.
Gamma sultamsCHEMONTID:0001883Organic compounds containing a gamma-sultam moiety, a five-member cyclic sulfonamide, containing the NS bond, and three carbon atoms.
Gamma sultimsCHEMONTID:0002097Organic compounds containing a sulfonamide group in which the N=S double bond is part of a five member ring. Gamma Sultims are tautomeric forms of gamma sultams, where N-S bond is double and not single.
Gamma sultonesCHEMONTID:0001888Organic compounds containing a gamma-sultone, a Intramolecular cyclic ester of hydroxy sulfonic acid, with a SO ring bond, and three ring carbon atoms.
Gamma-amino ketonesCHEMONTID:0001118Organic compounds containing a carboxylic acid, and an amine group attached to the C4 carbon atom.
Gamma-glutamyl amino acidsCHEMONTID:0003024Dipeptides consisting of any C-terminal amino acid having a gamma-glutamyl residue attached at the N alpha-position.
Gamma-glutamyl peptidesCHEMONTID:0003025Oligo- and polypeptides consisting of any C-terminal alpha peptide having a gamma-glutamyl residue attached at the N alpha-position.
Gamma-keto acids and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001115Organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the C4 carbon atom.
GangliosidesCHEMONTID:0001439Lipid molecules composed of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and saccharide) with one or more sialic acids linked on the sugar chain. They are usually oligoglycosylceramides derived from lactosylceramide and containing a sialic acid residue such as N-acetylneuraminic acid.
Gelsemium alkaloidsCHEMONTID:0003758Alkaloids with a structure that is based on the tetracyclic gelsemium skeleton. These alkaloids contain an oxindole function and a cage-like, hydroaromatic residue which is believed to arise from an intermediate related to anhydrovobasinediol by formation of a 6,20 bond and rearrangement to an oxindole. The major alkaloids in this group are related to Gelsemine; however, a smaller group, characterized by Gelsedine, lack the 6,20 bond, and have also lost C-21.
Geminal diolsCHEMONTID:0003104Organic compounds carrying two hydroxyl functional groups (-OH) on the same carbon atom.
Germacrane sesquiterpenoidsCHEMONTID:0002456Sesquiterpenoids having the germacrane skeleton, with a structure characterized by a cyclodecane ring substituted with an isopropyl and two methyl groups.
Germacranolides and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001771Sesquiterpene lactones with a structure based on the germacranolide skeleton, characterized by a gamma lactone fused to a 1,7-dimethylcyclodec-1-ene moiety.
GibberellinsCHEMONTID:0001767Diterpenoids containing the gibberellane skeleton ((8S)-4,4,8-trimethyl-13-methylidenetetracyclo[10.2.1.0^{1,9}.0^{3,8}]pentadecane), an aliphatic four-ring system.
GingerdiolsCHEMONTID:0001706Compounds containing a gingerdiol moiety, which is structurally characterized by a 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl group substituted at the C6 carbon atom by an alkane-2,4-diol.
GingerdionesCHEMONTID:0001707Compounds containing a gingerdione moiety, which is structurally characterized by a 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl group substituted at the C6 carbon atom by an alkane-2,4-dione.
GingerolsCHEMONTID:0001705Compounds containing a gingerol moiety, which is structurally characterized by a 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl group substituted at the C6 carbon atom by a 5-hydroxy-alkane-3-one.
Ginkgolides and bilobalidesCHEMONTID:0001768Diterpene lactones with a structure based either on the gingkolide or the bilobalide skeleton. The ginkgolide skeleton is a very rigid structure consisting of hexacyclic C20 trilactone. The cis-fused F/A/D/C ring junction forms an empty semi-ball hole, the D ring contains a cage form tetrahydrofuran ring which occupies the center of the empty hole, and the oxygen atoms of the D,C and F ring and 10-hydroxyl group consist of an analogous crown ether structure.
GlcNAcb1-2Mana1-3Manb1-4Glc- (Mollu series)CHEMONTID:0001436Neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence of the oligosaccharide moiety is GlcNAcb1-2Mana1-3Manb1-4Glc.
GliotoxinsCHEMONTID:0001791Polycyclic compounds containing the gliotoxin skeleton, which is structurally characterized by a epipolythiodioxopiperazine moiety fused to the pyrrolidine ring of an indol-7-ol derivative.
Gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001468Steroids with a structure based on a hydroxylated prostane moiety.
GluconolactonesCHEMONTID:0002262Polyhydroxy acids containing a gluconolactone molecule, which is characterized by a tetrahydropyran substituted by three hydroxyl groups, one ketone group, and one hydroxymethyl group.
GlucosinolatesCHEMONTID:0000373Carbohydrate derivatives containing a N-(sulfooxy)ethenimidothioic acid derivative attached to the C1 carbon of glucose moiety.
GlucosylceramidesCHEMONTID:0004299Compounds containing a ceramide linked to a simple glucosyl moiety.
Glucuronic acid derivativesCHEMONTID:0002094Compounds containing a glucuronic acid moiety (or a derivative), which consists of a glucose moiety with the C6 carbon oxidized to a carboxylic acid.
GlucuronidesCHEMONTID:0000374Compounds comprising the glucuronic acid linked to another substance via a glycosidic bond.
GlucuronosphingolipidsCHEMONTID:0001388Sphingolipids in which the sphingosine base is linked to a glucuronic acid moiety.
Glutamic acid and derivativesCHEMONTID:0004323Compounds containing glutamic acid or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of glutamic acid at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
Glutamine and derivativesCHEMONTID:0004315Compounds containing glutamine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of glutamine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphatesCHEMONTID:0002255Compounds containing a glyceraldehyde substituted at position O3 by a phosphate group.
Glycero-3-dithiophosphocholinesCHEMONTID:0001980Glycerolipids in which the glycerol moiety is esterified at two positions with a fatty acyl chain, and linked a third position (O3) with a dithiophosphocholine.
Glycero-3-phospho-N-acyl-ethanolaminesCHEMONTID:0003187Glycerophosphoethanolamines with a n-acylated ethanolamine moiety.
Glycero-3-phosphosulfocholinesCHEMONTID:0003853Lipids containing a glycerol moiety carrying a phosphosulfocholine at the 3-position.
Glycero-3-pyrophosphatesCHEMONTID:0003807Lipids structurally characterized by the presence of a glycerol moiety bonded to one or two chains, and to a pyrophosphate group at the O3-position.
Glycero-3-thiophosphocholinesCHEMONTID:0001981Glycerolipids in which the glycerol moiety is esterified at two positions with a fatty acyl chain, and linked a third position (O3) with a thiophosphocholine.
Glycerol ethersCHEMONTID:0002391Lipids containing an ether derivative of glycerol.
Glycerol vinyl ethersCHEMONTID:0003264Lipids containing a vinyl ether derivative of glycerol.
Glycerol-3-phosphonocholinesCHEMONTID:0003617Lipids that contain a phosphonocholine group linked to the C3 terminal carbon of a glycerol moiety.
Glycerol-3-phosphonoethanolaminesCHEMONTID:0003618Lipids that contain a phosphonoethanolamine group linked to the C3 terminal carbon of a glycerol moiety.
GlycerolipidsCHEMONTID:0000175Lipids formed by joining fatty acids to glycerol by ester bonds.
Glycerone and derivativesCHEMONTID:0003444Organic compounds containing the glycerone moiety or a derivative (ether or ester) thereof.
Glycerone phosphatesCHEMONTID:0003446Organic compounds containing a glycerone moiety that carries a phosphate group at the O-1 or O-2 position.
GlycerophosphatesCHEMONTID:0002214Compounds containing a glycerol linked to a phosphate group.
GlycerophosphocholinesCHEMONTID:0002213Lipids containing a glycerol moiety carrying a phosphocholine at the 3-position.
GlycerophosphoethanolaminesCHEMONTID:0002215Glycerolipids characterized by an ethanolamine ester of glycerophosphoric acid.
GlycerophosphoglycerolsCHEMONTID:0002216Glycerophosphoglycerols are lipids that contain two glycerol moieties that are linked to each other through the only phosphate group.
GlycerophosphoglycerophosphatesCHEMONTID:0002217Glycerophospholipids that contain two glycerophosphate skeleton linked to each other through one of the phosphate groups.
GlycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003389Glycerophospholipids that contain three glycerol moieties sequentially linked to each other with a phosphate group. They include cardiolipins.
Glycerophosphoinositol phosphatesCHEMONTID:0002220Lipids containing a common glycerophosphate skeleton linked to at least one fatty acyl chain and an inositol-5-phosphate moiety.
GlycerophosphoinositolsCHEMONTID:0002219Lipids containing a glycerol moiety carrying a phosphoinositol at the 3-position.
GlycerophospholipidsCHEMONTID:0000256Derivatives of glycerophosphoric acid that contains at least one O-acyl, or O-alkyl, or O-(1-alkenyl) group attached to the glycerol residue.
GlycerophosphonocholinesCHEMONTID:0003620Lipids that contain a phosphonocholine group linked to a terminal carbon of a glycerol moiety.
GlycerophosphonoethanolaminesCHEMONTID:0003621Lipids that contain a phosphonoethanolamine group linked to a terminal carbon of a glycerol moiety.
GlycerophosphonolipidsCHEMONTID:0003616Lipids that contain a phosphonate group attached at a terminal carbon of a glycerol backbone.
GlycerophosphoserinesCHEMONTID:0002218Lipids containing a glycerol moiety carrying a phosphoserine at the 3-position.
Glycidol estersCHEMONTID:0001421Compounds containing an ester derivative of glycidol (2,3-Epoxy-1-propanol).
Glycinamide ribonucleotidesCHEMONTID:0001014Compounds in which the amide N atom of glycineamide is linked to the C-1 of a ribosyl (or deoxyribosyl) moiety. Nucleotides have a phosphate group linked to the C5 carbon of the ribose (or deoxyribose) moiety.
Glycinated bile acids and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001124Compounds with a structure characterized by the presence of a glycine linked to a bile acid skeleton.
Glycine and derivativesCHEMONTID:0004318Compounds containing glycine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of glycine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
Glyco-alpha-amino acidsCHEMONTID:0003335Saccharides attached to a single alpha-amino acid by any kind of covalent bond.
GlycodepsipeptidesCHEMONTID:0001964Compounds in which a carbohydrate component is linked to a depsipeptide component.
Glycopeptides and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001699Compounds in which a carbohydrate component is linked to a peptide through any covalent bond.
GlycopeptidomimeticsCHEMONTID:0001815Compounds in which a carbohydrate component is linked to a peptidomimetic component.
GlycosphingolipidsCHEMONTID:0003258Sphingolipids containing a saccharide moiety glycosidically attached to the sphingoid base. Although saccharide moieties are mostly O-glycosidically linked to the ceramide moiety, other sphingolipids with glycosidic bonds of other types (e.g. S-,C-, or N-type) has been reported.
Glycosyl compoundsCHEMONTID:0002105Carbohydrate derivatives in which a sugar group is bonded through its anomeric carbon to another group via a C-, S-,N-,O-, or Se- glycosidic bond.
Glycosyl-alpha-amino acidsCHEMONTID:0003336Saccharides attached to a single alpha-amino acid by glycosidic bond.
Glycosyl-amino acidsCHEMONTID:0001812Compounds consisting of saccharide linked through a glycosyl linkage (O-, N-, or S-) to an amino acid.
Glycosyl-N-acylsphingosinesCHEMONTID:0004305Compounds containing a sphingosine linked to a simple glucosyl moiety.
GlycosylalkylacylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003821Glycosylglycerols that carry exactly two acyl chains attached to the glycerol moiety through an ether linkage, and an ester linkage.
GlycosylaminesCHEMONTID:0002203Compounds consisting of an amine with a beta-N-glycosidic bond to a carbohydrate, thus forming a cyclic hemiaminal ether bond (alpha-amino ether).
GlycosyldiacylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003067Diacylglycerols that carry a saccharide moiety linked to the glycerol.
GlycosyldialkylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003820Glycosylglycerols carrying exactly two fatty acyl chains attached to the glycerol moiety through an ether linkage.
GlycosyldiradylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003822Glycosylglycerols that carry exactly two acyl chains attached to the glycerol moiety.
GlycosylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0000637Glycerolipids structurally characterized by the presence of one or more sugar residues attached to glycerol via a glycosidic linkage.
GlycosylglycerophospholipidsCHEMONTID:0001459Glycerolipids structurally characterized by the presence of one or more sugar residues attached to the glycerol moiety of a glycerophosphate via a glycosidic linkage.
GlycosylmonoacylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0001773Glycosylglycerols carrying exactly one fatty acyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety through an ester linkage.
GlycosylmonoalkylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003818Glycosylglycerols carrying exactly one fatty acyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety through an ether linkage.
GlycosylmonoradylglycerolsCHEMONTID:0003819Glycosylglycerols that carry exactly one acyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety.
Glycosylpeptides and derivativesCHEMONTID:0003334Compounds containing a carbohydrate glycosidically linked to a peptide.
Gorgostanes and derivativesCHEMONTID:0002039Steroids containing a gorgostane moiety, which a skeleton characterized by the presence.
Gracilline-type amaryllidaceae alkaloidsCHEMONTID:0004130Amaryllidaceae alkaloids compounds containing a 10b,4a-ethanoiminodibenzo[b,d]pyrane skeleton.
GrayanoidsCHEMONTID:0002871Diterpenoids containing a skeleton based on or derived from the ent-kaurane moiety. Grayanoids usually possess either one of the grayanane, the 2,4-seco-grayanane, the 9,10-seco-grayanane, the 1,5-seco-grayanane, the kalmane, or the leucothane skeleton. Some derivatives also include the 1,5-seco-kalmane skeleton.
GuaianesCHEMONTID:0002874Sesquiterpenoids with a structure based on the guaiane skeleton. Guaiane is a bicyclic compound consisting of a decahydroazulene moiety, substituted with two methyl groups and a 1-methylethyl group at the 1-, 4-, and 7-position, respectively.
Guaianolides and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001770Diterpene lactones with a structure characterized by the presence of a gamma-lactone fused to a guaiane, forming 3,6,9-trimethyl-azuleno[4,5-b]furan-2-one or a derivative.
GuanidinesCHEMONTID:0000375Compounds containing a guanidine moiety, with the general structure (R1R2N)(R3R4N)C=N-R5.
Guanidinobenzoic acidsCHEMONTID:0002947Aromatic compounds containing a guanidine group linked to the benzene ring of a benzoic acid.
Guanidinobenzoic acids and derivativesCHEMONTID:0001779Aromatic compounds containing a guanidine group linked to the benzene ring of a benzoic acid (or a derivative thereof).
GuanidinoglycosidesCHEMONTID:0003572Aminoglycoside analogs in which amine groups of natural aminoglycoside antibiotics have been converted into guanidine groups.